CALL-Entwicklungen:
Restricted, Open & Integrated CALL (Bax 2003)


Content

Type of task

Type of student activity

Type of feedback

Teacher roles

Teacher attitudes

Position in curriculum

Position in lesson

Physical position of computer

Restricted CALL

Language system

Closed drills
Quizzes

Text reconstruction
Answering closed questions
Minimal interaction with other students

Correct / incorrect

Monitor

Exaggerated fear and / or awe

Not integrated into syllabus - optional extra

Whole CALL lesson

Separate computer lab

Open CALL

System and skills

Simulations
Games
CMC

Interacting with the computer
Occasional intearction with other students

Focus of linguistic skills development
Open, flexible

Monitor / facilitator

Exaggerated fear and / or awe

Toy
Not integrated into syllabus - optional extra
Technology preceeds syllabus and learner needs

Whole CALL lesson

Separate lab - perhaps devoted to languages

Integrated CALL

Integrated language skills work
Mixed skills and system

CMC
WP
e-mail


 


Any, as appropriate to the immediate needs

Frequent interaction with other students
Some interaction with computer through the lesson

Interpreting, evaluating, commenting, stimulating thought

Facilitator
Manager

Normal part of teaching - normalised

Tool for learning
Normalised
integrated into syllabus, adapted to learners' needs
Analysis of needs and context preceeds decisions about technology

Smaller part of every lesson

In every classroom, on every desk, in every bag



Literatur

Bax, Stephen (2003) CALL - past, present and future. In: System 31,1/03, 13-28; weitere Literatur